I work as an instructor and dissertation committee member.
I typically check email after my early morning routine. I then spend a bit of time with my dogs and go to the gym with my friend. Once home, I dig into reviewing discussion forum posts, answering emails, and reviewing papers (often whilst having breakfast -- I don't advocate that part!). I take breaks to stretch, talk to neighbors, and have a bit of lunch before getting back into the work again. I might have video or phone meetings with students at any given time as well.
Here's the first step for everyone
I would say that the best thing to do is talk to others. Find people who do what you want to do and take them for coffee. Ask if you can have a full on conversation, no holds barred, about their journey. Knowing the good parts, the sticky bits, and the horror stories as well as how they got beyond it is most helpful.
"As an adjunct who works online (as compared to those who work on-ground in a singular, full-time capacity), I must be 'cobbling together' work 'just to survive'."